How early can we detect risk for Autism in a child?


Autism is considered as a complex neurodevelopmental disorder that typically appears during the first three years of life and impacts development in the areas such as social interaction, communication skills, sensory processing and behaviour in various degrees and various forms thus commonly known as Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Autism is associated with early malfunction of a few structures of the brain which are involved in processing social information. Children with autism have compromised mental capacities due to subnormal functioning of some areas of their brain.

Autism symptoms typically become clearly evident during early childhood between 12 and 24 months of age. However, symptoms may also appear earlier or later. The most typical signs that parents can picked up such as avoiding eye contact, not responding to his or her name call, lack of social interaction, lack of language communication skills, does not express emotions or feelings and appears unaware of others feelings, does not point at or bring objects to share interest, resists cuddling and holding and seems to prefer playing alone - retreats into his or her own world.

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High-risk group chilAutism can be reversible once intervention started as early as by 1 and ½ years because of the neural maturation of human brain has not occurred by this age completely during which neurons gain their morphological, electrophysiological and molecular characteristics of their functions as the central components of the nervous system.dren who:

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Dr. Soumyakanta Sahu

Dr. Soumyakanta Sahu

Dr. Soumyakanta Sahu has 7 years of experience working in different tertiary care pediatric and adult neurorehabilitation centers and hospitals. He has completed his graduation and post graduation in Occupational Therapy with Rehabilitation